Forensic Science and Criminology as Career Option

Forensic science is the application of science to the investigation of a crime. When a crime is committed, there are different types of evidence found at the crime scene. It could include traces of an object, paint, soil, blood, saliva, body fluids, digital evidence, plant material, bones, documents, fingerprints. Forensic science uses physical science such as chemistry, biology, physics to analyse the evidence found at the crime scene and uses that analysis to help the law enforcement to catch the criminal and most importantly, present that evidence in court.
While criminology is the study of crime, a criminologist uses different social sciences such as sociology, psychology, to understand crime and criminal behaviour. Criminology typically includes studying different types of crime, causes behind the crime, occurrence or incidence of crime in various parts, the consequences of the crime as well as society’s perception, different rules and punishment and preventive strategies for crime.

To become a forensic scientist, one needs to first complete a Bachelors’ in Forensic or Physical or Biological Science and further pursue MSc (Forensic Science). To become a forensic pathologist, one has to complete an MD in Forensic Medicine after successfully completing his/ her MBBS.

There are graduate as well as postgraduate courses in criminology. One can pursue it either after 10+2 or after having a graduate degree in arts or science. Criminology is also offered as a specialisation at the masters’ level in social work.

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